When I was growing up, I unquestionably thought of myself as English. That was despite the fact one half of my family most clearly was not. They lived in Tooting and spoke a different language. They looked different, they ate different food and they had a way of being, a culture, that was profoundly different in a thousand indefinable ways.
Over the past two years, with every day and news cycle that passes, I’ve felt increasingly aware of this part of my background. It’s the part that doesn’t belong, the part that isn’t English and never will be. It’s the part that too many people would resent if my surname was not so plain and my skin not as white as theirs. Growing up I never thought of myself as the child of an immigrant, a refugee’s son: now, it’s increasingly how I define myself and my relationship with a country that seems to fear so much of what I represent.
First, some family history. My father’s side is easy. My grandad migrated from Barrow to Birmingham and then my dad moved to London when he was about 20. There may have been some Irish in there on my grandmother’s side – there usually is – but it was culturally 100% English and stolidly Protestant with it.
When my dad arrived in London, he lodged in Tooting at a house owned by a member of my mother’s extended family. This must have been an eyeopening experience. The family had arrived en masse in England in 1957. They were Mediterranean romantics, demonstrative Catholics who spoke Italian mixed with French, German, Greek, Arabic and even a bit of English and because they liked to eat properly, went to the chemist to buy olive oil, which the English only used to treat ear wax.
They were not English, yet they all had British passports. How so?
This is where it gets complicated. My mum’s family were originally Maltese, although they had lived in Egypt for at least three generations (my mum’s maternal grandparents were born in Egypt). Because of this somewhat vague Maltese heritage, the family were able to claim British citizenship even though they were culturally to all intents and purposes Italian. Italian was the first language, the food was Italian and they all supported Italy in the World Cup.
This led to some interesting collisions. My grandfather – my nonno – had the splendid Italian name of Salvatore Camenzuli, but he called his kids Daisy and Wilfred – which are as English as you could hope to get, even though neither of them spoke English. It’s why I have uncles with names like Herbert and Norbert. All were born around the time of the Second World War, so presumably were given such astoundingly English names to emphasise their official nationality.
It also meant that at the time of the Suez Crisis, they were thrown out of their homes. When Britain, France and Israel went to war with Egypt, everybody with a British passport was told to leave or become Egyptian nationals. Most chose to leave.
My family left Alexandria, the family home for at least 80 years, and got on boats that took them around the world. Some went to Australia, some went to Italy, but most went to England, the motherland, where they were interned in an old WWII camp in Horsforth, Yorkshire. They left Alexandria in January and when they arrived in England it was snowing. This is the passport on which they travelled.
For the adults, this must have been traumatic. Many did not speak English and the older men and women were taken to separate care homes. My mum’s nonna died a week after arrival. Here are my great-grandparents, who like so many human beings in history were victims of a conflict they had no part in causing.
For the kids, it was great fun. They didn’t have to go to school! Here’s my uncle Wilfred and his cousins at the camp, playing cowboys.
When my mum arrived in England she possessed a British passport but didn’t speak English and had a funny name. When the family moved to London and she started school, she was singled out as different because she was. Did she live in pyramid? Did she go to school on a camel? The English kids imagined she grew up in an oasis and ate papyrus – they had no concept that Alexandria was a city every bit as modern as London, because that isn’t what they were taught. They could never have grasped that my mother had enjoyed in Alexandria a better standard of living that most kids growing up in Tooting. Even today, people struggle with this sort of basic understanding that other cities around the world are much like our own, and that immigrants and refugees aren’t always poor.
That was all tough, but more than 50 years later, she’s still here, an amazing woman married to an amazing Englishman but still in touch with her family. A few years ago, some of them got together to commemorate 50 years of exile.
This country would be a poorer place without them.
So what has all this got to do with me? For years, nothing. I was aware of my non-English side and enjoyed it – the warmth of the company, the excellent biscuits, the funny accents, the glass of sweet Marsala at bedtime – but always considered myself an Englishman. Even my mum seemed English most of the time, so that when friends detected an accent and asked where she was from, it always took me by surprise. And when my mum mocked the blandness of English cuisine and talked about how boring England would be without immigrants like herself, I found it a bit uncomfortable, unpatriotic, even though I suspected that she was right.
But recently, as the rhetoric against foreigners, against immigration, against refugees, has toxified, I’ve become increasingly aware of my roots. I’ve been made to feel that I am English only by default, one small step away from being – like half my family, the people who raised me as English and who I love – foreign, unwanted, alien, an infestation.
The thing is, nobody who looks at me would ever know. But if I had different coloured skin or a strange surname, how would that change things? If my mother’s family arrived in England tomorrow, would they be welcome? Would the government even allow them entry? Would they be encourage to settle, make their home, open businesses, have children and generally enrichen the culture of the country so that English children can now grow up with olive oil on their plates rather than in their ears.
Across the world, the prevailing politics revels in the hatred of other. Some people – many millions more than I ever could have imagined – despise anybody who is, essentially, exactly like my mother. As a result, I have become more aware of my background as the child of an immigrant and what that really means. I am more conscious of the rhetoric of race and division, of them and us, of who belongs and who would be allowed to stay if the fantasies of white nationalists should ever come to pass. But I am a refugee’s son, and nothing makes me prouder.
I was very moved by your article. I’m in my seventies and now hardly recognize my own country. There has always been racism in the UK but the current and wide-spread nastiness seemed to suddenly arrive from nowhere. This is the first time I have commented but I’d like you to know that I always enjoy your blog.
I was born in London, across the road from Buckingham Palace, and grew up in that area. My mother is Portuguese, father a Scot with Irish and Huguenot ancestry. I was given a first name that ensured that I’d be asked where I come from for most of my adult life yet my first language is English. Portuguese people sometimes notice that I’m one of them. I was three years old when Powell made his “rivers of blood” speech and by the time I got to school it was clear that even very young children were picking up on their parents’ opinions on identity. When I asked my father if I was English, desperate for evidence that I really was one of them, I was told that I was British. A pedant, he failed to understand that it was being “English” that counted. That seems to be happening again. I have a British passport but it’s been a long time since I’ve felt I belonged anywhere in particular and it has nothing to do with Brexit.
Well said – I am with you all the way!
I live in Germany now, the country of my birth, but lived in England with my English husband for 40 years during the most active period of my life. I have two children, a son who now lives in Berlin after 5 years in Australia and a daughter who lives in London with her family. My parents were both German but grew up in what is now Poland and were refugees in 1945 from their home to a Germany they had never known.
The German actor Jan Josef Liefers is reported to have said recently that one’s nationality isn’t a personal merit, but pure chance and should not be used to discriminate others.
I was shocked when visiting friends of very many years in Britain soon after the Brexit referendum how they suddenly felt empowered to voice prejudices against anyone not English or even ‘Celtic’ that had been held back previously.
We live in upsetting and worrying times.
Hi Peter, I’ve known you and your amazing family for many years now and I know the world and more importantly this country is a richer, warmer and happier place with them in it. I’m lucky and proud to be able say I’m in some part, part of the family. Hopefully we will be visiting your mum and dad again this summer and get to enjoy more of their infinite hospitality and fascinating company. James C.
I am a descendent from an Alexandrian family, which had to leave Egypt in the 1950s as well. The reactions of those, who do not know, what Egypt and particularly Alexandria was like prior to that time, is something I have encountered again and again during my life time. I was born only 4 years after my parents exodus. Unfortunately, they were unable to settle, and so we moved around the world. I guess my father was always trying to find his “lost paradise”. With the years, the stories of Egypt faded and so did my father’s esprit. Being a typical European family from Alexandria we have an enormous cultural background, Maltese, Italian, English, French, ashkenazi and sephardic Jews and a wee bit of Austria-Habsburg. Most part of the Maltese and Italian family members ended up in Australia and Britain. Some landed in France. Those without passports or nationalities (this happened a lot after more than 80 years in Egypt) ended up in South America or one of the few countries willing to take Sans Papiers. I can identify with the language “chaos”. My parents were issued German passports in the mid-1950s without speaking the language or even living there. My first three languages were English, Italian (the family language) and French. I learned German in a German primary school, when we “returned” to Germany after spending a few years in Asia. We didn’t stay for long however. I don’t know the reason for our German passports, the only German connection goes back to the 1700’s. And I never felt Germany was my home (hair, eye and skin colour a bit too dark LOL). I wish there was some kind of association for us, the “left overs”.
PS. There’s a visiting card of a Mr. and Mrs. Jean Camenzuli in the papers my parents left behind. Any relation to you, by any chance? The couple seems to have attended my parent’s wedding in 1950 in Alexandria. We are related to the Borgs, Scerris, Mallamos, Mifsuds, Gaucis, Podestas, Portellis, Soratis to name a few.
Thanks so much for your comment. My mother thinks Jean Camenzuli is her uncle John, who moved to Australia.
Is your family name Ezigia?
I had no idea that some of the community ended in South America. It’s extraordinary that your family were issued German passports – so random!